1969: Birth of ‘C’ and ‘UNIX OS’.

1970: Growth of UNIX because of open-source collaboration commercial sale of UNIX.

1980: Companies developing their own UNIX: IBM(AIX), Solaris(Sun OS), HP(HP-UX) …

Mid-to-late’s 1980: Birth of free software movement -> GNU Project.

1990: Linux Torvalds put the Linux kernel source code online resulted in usage of ‘Linux + GNU’.

Various Linux Distribution:

  1. Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL): Commercial Linux distribution intended for servers and workstations.
  2. Fedora: Sponsored by Red Hat, is the foundation for the commercial RHEL.
  3. Debian: Debian is an OS composed of free, open-source software.
  4. Others: Popular Distribution include: Ubuntu, Linux Mint, CentOS, open SUSE/SUSE Linux Enterprise…

Linux Features:

  • Simplified updates for all installed software.
  • Free software licensing.
  • Access to source code.
  • Multiple Distribution.
  • Linux provides a CLI(Command Line Interface) to communicate with the Operating System.
  • CLI is better for tasks which cannot be performed with the GUI.

Student | Linux-User

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